THE CHALLENGE:

Worldwide they are 479 Civilian Nuclear Plants and 760 military ones around the world. In addition, a number of large civil fuel-reprocessing plants are in operation in France, UK, Russia, Japan. These facilities are highly vulnerable and represent a major environmental risk. We also have to take into consideration the important transportation of Plutonium from and to these Nuclear plants.

Nuclear power plants operate in Europe, Northern America, East Asia and South Asia : United-States 99, France 58, Russia 34, China 27, South Korea 24, India 21, Canada 19, Germany 9, Sweden 10, Switzerland 5,Japan 54, South Africa 2, Algeria 2, Democratic Republic of Congo 2, Egypt 2, Argentina 2, Brazil 2, Colombia 1, Mexico 2, North Korea 2, Indonesia 2, Iran 1, Israel 2, Belgium 7, Spain 6, United Kingdom 16, Bulgaria 3, Slovakia 4, Slovenia 1, Kazakhstan 1, Finland 4, The Netherlands 2, Hungary 4, Ukraine 15, Malaysia 1, Pakistan 2, Taiwan 4, Thailand 1, Turkey 1, Vietnam 1, Armenian 1, Bielorussia 1 etc..

Threats to Civil Nuclear-energy Facilities

The possibility that civil nuclear-energy facilities might become targets for terrorists has been recognized since long before the attacks of September 11, 2001, on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. The principal attraction of civil nuclear-energy facilities as terrorist targets lies in the potential for creating a release of radioactivity large enough to produce significant casualties and land contamination. Destruction of an important piece of energy-supply infrastructure in the targeted country and the possibility that a successful attack would lead to the wholesale shutdown of nuclear-energy facilities around the world might be seen as collateral “benefits” by terrorists.

Before September 11, 2001, once every 8 years each civil nuclear reactor site in the United States carried out a force-on-force exercise to simulate an attack by intruders. The site managers were advised in advance of the date of the simulated attack and were allowed, if they chose, to upgrade the guard forces to cope with it. According to a 2003 General Accounting Office (GAO) study, the upgraded guard forces were defeated in more than 20 percent of the simulated attacks. When the guard forces in place were at normal levels, they were defeated in more than half of the simulated attacks.

ASSESSING THE RISK

A successful attack on a nuclear power reactor, for example, could destroy the facility itself, worth hundreds of millions to billions of dollars; produce tens to hundreds or even thousands of early fatalities and tens of thousands of delayed cancer deaths; and severely contaminate hundreds to thousands of square miles of land, requiring removal of much of it from habitation, commerce, and agriculture for periods ranging from months to many decades.
Such an attack would also cause terror and distress among far more than just the people physically harmed (amplified by the public’s particular fear of radiation), deprive the affected region of an important component of its electricity supply, and probably lead to prolonged or even permanent shutdown of other nuclear power plants around the world, with serious economic consequences.

In 2016 Intelligences evidences have identified that Djihadist organisations have been lately focussing on potential attack of civil nuclear plants with an intention either “explode a bomb inside the plant” or attack sensible cooling parts of the plant.